Abandoned & Little-Known Airfields:
© 2002, © 2016 by Paul Freeman. Revised 8/12/16.
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Dothan Municipal / Napier Aux AAF #2 (revised 1/18/14) - Phenix City Airport (added 11/1/15) - Wheelless Airport (revised 8/12/16)
Phenix City Airport, Phenix City, AL
32.5, -85.01 (East of Montgomery, AL)
Phenix City Airport, as depicted on the 1950 USGS topo map.
This small general aviation airport was evidently established at some point between 1945-50
(like hundreds of other small general aviation airports, in the post-WW2 aviation boom),
as it was not yet listed among active airfields in the 1945 AAF Airfield Directory (courtesy of Scott Murdock).
The earliest depiction which has been located of Phenix City Airport was on the 1950 USGS topo map.
The earliest photo which has been located of the Phenix City Airport was a 2/12/51 USGS aerial view.
It depicted Phenix City as having a single unpaved northwest/southeast runway,
with 2 buildings (hangars?) on the south side.
Phenix City Airport was evidently closed (for reasons unknown) at some point between 1951-62,
as a 2/11/62 USGS aerial view showed that a road had been built across the runway.
Phenix City Airport was still labeled on the 1968 USGS topo map, even though it had evidently already been closed for at least 6 years by that point.
A 2014 aerial view looking northwest showed no trace remaining of Phenix City Airport.
The site of Phenix City Airport is located northwest of the intersection of 5th Avenue & Airport Road, appropriately enough.
Thanks to Gary Pike for pointing out this airfield.
Wheelless Airport (37J), Dothan, AL
31.23, -85.49 (West of Downtown Dothan, AL)
A 2/5/66 aerial photo depicted Wheelless Airport as having a single paved northeast/southwest runway.
This small general aviation airport was located only 2 miles west of the Dothan Municipal Airport.
According to Virgil Fenn, the growth of the City of Dothan up to the edge of the original Dothan Municipal Airport
“was the main factor for Mr. Wheelless building his airport on his farm.”
The date of construction of Wheelless Airport has not been determined.
The earliest reference to the airport comes from Keith Brown,
who recalled, “I took my first airplane flight as a young boy somewhere around 1959-60
out of that airport when my daddy showed an agricultural pilot where our field was to be dusted.”
The earliest depiction of the field which has been located was a 2/5/66 aerial photo.
It depicted Wheelless Airport as having a single paved northeast/southwest runway.
A paved ramp on the northeast side of the field also had 3 hangars,
near which was parked a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber & 4 smaller aircraft.
A row of 4 B-25 Mitchell bombers was parked on the southwest side of the field.
Wheelless Airport, as depicted on a 1967 AL Highway Department map (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
Tom Stoy recalled, “I started flying in 1964 & got my CPL and ATP at Dothan Municipal.
I later ended up at Wheeles, 'To gain experience', thanks to Clide Lovall, my examiner at the time.
It took several approaches to get a job from Mr.Wheelless
as he considered me overqualified for any job in his company with a college degree.
I finally made it & enjoyed every single day.
I worked there as mechanic, hangar floor & airplane cleaner etc,
finally did engineering drawings & got my first crop spraying experiences, ferrying spray planes
and as co pilot on the PV-2 & B-17 during the fire ant program in Longview TX & Savanna GA.
Field spotting with farmers was one of my favorites!
Great memories are related to the good old Wheelless Airport.”
A 1968 Soil Conservation Service aerial photo of Wheelless Airport,
courtesy of Thomas Kallsen of the University of Alabama Map Library.
The photo depicted Wheelless Airport as having a single paved runway, oriented northeast/southwest.
A paved ramp on the northeast side of the field also had 3 hangars.
A total of 5 light aircraft were visible on the ramp,
and 5 larger aircraft were parked in a separate location to the southwest of the runway.
Two 1968 photos by Virgil Fenn of B-17 N5017N at Wheelless Airport.
Virgil reported in 2006, “This B-17 is presently owned by the Experimental Aviation Association.”
Virgil Fenn recalled, “I was Vice President & Chief Pilot for Dothan Aviation Corporation.
We operated 7 B-25's, 7 PV-2's, 3 B-17's, and 3 Martin 404's.
We also had a fleet of Stearman, Ag-Cats, and Cub Dusters & Sprayers.”
A circa late 1960s photo of Tom Stoy on a Stearman at Wheelless.
The earliest topo map depiction which has been located of Whelless Airport was on the 1969 USGS topo map.
It depicted Whelless as having a single northeast/southwest paved runway with 4 buildings on the northeast & southeast sides.
Tom Stoy recalled, “When I left Wheelless in late 1969 the large hangar
and the all the small buildings shown south (to the right) of the runway did not exist.
At the time we had 3 B-17s & 2 PV-2 Lockheed Loadstars, several AG-Cats,
Stearmans & B-25s used for spares only, as far as I remember.”
A circa 1969 (or later) aerial view looking east down Wheelless' Runway 7 (courtesy of Virgil Fenn, via Art Morris, via Tim Cotter).
Note the large number of B-17s & other large multi-engine aircraft at the field.
According to Tim, “Virgil worked with Mr. Wheelless flying B-17s & other WWII vintage airplanes
spraying fire ants before the pesticides were banned.”
A circa 1969 (or later) aerial view looking northeast at Wheelless Airport (courtesy of Virgil Fenn, restored by Bill Grasha),
showing an amazing array of WW2-era aircraft, including 3 B-17s.
A 1969 photo by Don Millman (restored by Bill Grasha) of a 1944 Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress, N5017N, serial # 8649, most likely taken at Wheelless Airport.
Note the spray bar rigged under the wing.
According to Hugh Wheelless Jr., airport founder “Hugh Sr. died of cancer in February of 1970.”
Richard Cuber recalled, “I was stationed at Fort Rucker in 1970
and doing Project Transition at Wheelless in mid 1970.
Wheeless Avaition was the largest crop dusting company in the south at that time.
The B-25s were there at that time, they were parked because of the cost of flying them with 2600s.
They were flying 3 B-17s & 3 PV2 Harpoons for contracts on poisoning fire ants all over the South.
They also flew Agcats, Cubs and quite a few Stearmans for normal dusting & spraying.
They also did some maintenance on private aircraft.
The Wheeless family owned & operated the firm.”
A 1971-72 photo by Ken Morrison of a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress at Wheelless Airport
Ken recalled, “The B-17 is now owed by EAA & flies as the 'Aluminum Overcast'.
My Cub N42090 was restored at Wheelless in 1971 & I based it there in a hanger until I left the Army in the spring of 1972.
Boy what an amazing airport - I could have taken a hundred photos, but at the time I thought this airport like so many others would be there forever.
There were lots of B-17s, B-25s, P2Vs and other WW2 airplanes there.
The heavy airplanes were used to spray for fire ants but after the use of DDT was banned they stopped flying them.”
A 1971-72 photo by Ken Morrison of a North American B-25 Mitchell at Wheelless Airport.
A 1971-72 photo by Ken Morrison at Wheelless Airport, of “a used-up Stearman duster.”
Keith Brown recalled, “There was a hurricane or maybe by that time a tropical depression
that came through in the late summer or fall of 1975.
I can remember going out there & seeing the B-17s & B-25s.
I met one of the pilots who flew the B-17 as mosquito sprayer over to Mississippi.
I remember the J-3's & Stearmans or Ag-Cats sitting around. It was a great little airport. I miss it dearly.”
The last photo which has been located showing Wheelless Airport while still in operation
was a 4/19/75 photo of a forelorn-looking North American TB-25N Mitchell N9443Z serial #44-28765.
The aircraft was operated as a sprayer by Dothan Aviation Corporation, and was subsequently parted out, with the nose section going to the Smithsonian.
The January 1976 New Orleans Sectional Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy)
depicted Wheelless as having a single 3,500' paved runway.
The 1976 AOPA Airport Directory (according to Chris Kennedy)
listed the operator of Wheelless Airport as the Dothan Aviation Corporation.
The 1978 AL Highway Department map (courtesy of Chris Kennedy)
depicted Wheelless Airport as having a single runway, oriented northeast/southwest.
The 1986 Flight Guide (courtesy of Chris Kennedy)
depicted Wheelless Airport as having a single 3,500' paved Runway 7/25.
Taxiways led to several hangars on the north & south side of the runway.
The office of Dothan Aviation Incorporated was in a building on the northeast corner of the field.
Tim Cotter recalled, "During the 1980s, I made a few landings at the Wheelless Airport,
plus I visited a propeller repair facility there during my A&P mechanic training."
Brian Newsome recalled "2 B-25 bombers that were at one time on the property of Wheelless Airport.
I remember going with my father & grandfather back in the early to mid 1980s
and seeing them over in a wooded area.
They were not in a flyable state but still looked fairly decent."
Dean Peeples recalled, “From 1990-91 I worked on a restoration project at Wheelless Airport.
Thomas Duncan & I returned Lockheed PV-2D, serial #151501, tail # N83L, to ferry flight status in July of 1991.
We then flew with the aircraft to Pearson Field in Vancouver, WA where it was finished for the warbird show circuit.
The airworthiness certificate was granted in November 1991.
This aircraft was owned at the time by Neil Rose of Vancouver.
N83L was the last flyable warbird to leave Wheelless (only the shell of PV-2C NC47G was left),
and it was also the first production D model in service.
I was last at Wheelless in October 1991 to crate up leftover parts for shipment to Vancouver.
This airport & aircraft in particular bear a place in my memory for the history attached to both.”
A circa early 1990s aerial view looking south (courtesy of Hugh Wheelless Jr.) “showing Wheelless Airport just before it was closed.”
Wheelless Airport was apparently closed in 1992,
according to a monument which occupies the site in 2004.
However, Ron Traywick reported, "Wheelless Field was still active as a base for ultralights sometime between the 1992-96 timeframe.
I passed by it frequently during that time."
By the time of the 1998 World Aeronautical Chart, the former Wheelless Airport was depicted as an abandoned airfield.
As seen in a 1998 USGS aerial view looking northwest at the site of Wheelless Airport, the probable reason for the airport's demise was apparent -
the property was more "valuable" redeveloped as a golf course.
Soon to be the fate of many small airports if things don't change.
The western half of the former airport had been covered by a Robert Trent Jones golf course (according Ron Traywick),
but approximately 2,000' of the east end of the former runway pavement remained intact as of 1998.
All of the former airport buildings & hangars had been removed.
Hugh Wheelless Jr. reported, “There is now a 282 unit apartment complex just east of the old Wheelless Airport.
There is another complex on the site of the old airport of 184 units & an elementary school that has 600 students plus staff, south of the airport.
I did all the development work.”
Ron Traywick reported that the eastern portion of the former airport was covered with new apartments, "sometime around 1996-99."
A 2003 aerial photo showed that no trace of Wheelless Airport remained.
A 2004 photo by Tim Cotter of the Highlands Trail apartment complex which occupies the site of the former Wheelless Airport.
A 2004 photo by Tim Cotter of the monument at the site which commemorates the former Wheelless Airport.
Tim Cotter reported in 2004, "My fiancée is living in an apartment complex constructed on the site of Wheelless Airport.
Located there is a monument & a square yard of the original asphalt from the airport runway."
Dean Peeples reported in 2006, “Several months ago I was down in Dothan
and went to see the plaque marking the grave of Wheelless Airport.
It was late in the day & I had a long drive back to Birmingham, but I had to stop and see for myself.
As I stood there, for just a moment, the rumbling idle of my Softail on the curb behind me became the sound of a PW 2800 at idle.
I caught a whiff of 115 avgas & Aeroshell 120
and felt the wash from a mighty Hamilton Standard 11ft 3-blade prop swinging at ground idle.
I could almost see, out of the corner of my eye,
the wingtips & tails of a host of old planes sticking out of the ground shadows around me.
Then my cell phone rang, my wife calling to see when I would be leaving so she would know when to expect me home.
When I told her where I was & that I would be late getting in she understood, she always does.”
A 5/9/07 aerial view looking south (courtesy of Hugh Wheelless Jr.) of the site of Wheelless Airport “after most of the development was complete.”
A strange remnant of Wheelless Airport: a 3/8/09 photo of a truck marked “Dothan Aviation Corporation, Wheelless Airport” seen in Enid AZ,
more than a thousand miles away from Dothan, and more than 15 years after Wheelless Airport closed.
The site of Wheelless Airport is located west of the intersection of Brannon Strand Road & Montrose Court.
Dothan Municipal Airport / Napier Army Airfield Auxiliary #2, Dothan, AL
31.24, -85.44 (North of Panama City, FL)
A circa 1938 photo of the first Eastern Airlines aircraft (a DC-2) to land at Dothan (courtesy of Frank Gaines).
This was the original municipal airport for the town of Dothan.
The date of construction of the field is unknown.
The earliest reference to the field which has been located is
the 1934 Department of Commerce Airport Directory (according to Chris Kennedy),
which described Dothan as having 2 sod runways in an "L" shape, with the longest being 2,100'.
The Airport Directory Company's 1937 Airports Directory (courtesy of Bob Rambo)
described Dothan Municipal Airport as having 2 sod runways,
with the longest being a 2,500' east/west strip.
The earliest photo which has been located of Dothan Municipal Airport
was a circa 1938 photo (courtesy of Frank Gaines) of a Douglas DC-2 making the 1st landing at Dothan by an Eastern Airlines aircraft.
The earliest chart depiction of the Dothan Airport which has been located
was on the June 1942 17M Regional Aeronautical Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
During WW2, Dothan Airport was taken over by the Army, which named it Dothan Auxiliary #2,
and used as one of 4 satellite fields for Napier Army Airfield in Dothan,
which conducted advanced & specialized training in single engine aircraft, including P-40 fighters.
A 2/15/43 aerial view looking east from the 1945 AAF Airfield Directory (courtesy of Scott Murdock)
depicted “Napier Army Airfield Auxiliary #2 (Dothan Municipal Airport)” as having 3 asphalt runways.
The August 1943 17M Regional Aeronautical Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy)
depicted Dothan as a military airfield.
The 1945 AAF Airfield Directory (courtesy of Scott Murdock) described “Napier Army Airfield Auxiliary #2 (Dothan Municipal Airport)”
as a 265 acre triangular property within which were 3 bituminous runways, the longest being the 4,000' northeast/southwest & NNW/SSE strips.
The field was said to have a single 80' x 60' steel hangar,
to be owned by Houston County & the City of Dothan, and to be operated by the Army Air Forces.
After WW2, Dothan was returned to its prior use as a municipal airport.
Dothan was depicted as a commercial/municipal airport on the 1949 Mobile Sectional Chart (according to Chris Kennedy).
A 1955 photo (courtesy of Virgil Fenn) of 4 Stearman crop-dusters in front of the Dothan Aviation Corporation hangar.
A 1957 Soil Conservation Service Photo,
courtesy of Thomas Kallsen of the University of Alabama Map Library.
In the photo there were at least 12 light aircraft visible parked outside
on the ramp at the eastern side of the field.
The 1960 Jeppesen Airway Manual (courtesy of Chris Kennedy)
depicted Dothan as having 3 paved runways (with the 4,006' Runway 5/23 being the longest),
along with ramps with hangars on the northeast & southeast sides of the field.
Dothan Municipal was listed among active airports in the 1962 AOPA Airport Directory,
with 3 paved runways, and the operator listed as Dothan Aviation Corp.
It was still depicted as an active airport on the 1964 Mobile Sectional Chart (courtesy of John Voss),
with 3 runways, the longest being a 4,006' asphalt strip.
Three 1965 photos (courtesy of Virgil Fenn) of the Dothan Aviation Corporation facilities at the southeast end of Dothan Municipal Airport.
Note the B-25 & B-17 bombers visible in the top & bottom photos.
A 1965 photo (courtesy of Virgil Fenn, restored by Bill Grasha) of B-25 & B-17 bombers
at the Dothan Aviation Corporation ramp on the southeast end of Dothan Municipal Airport.
According to Billy Singleton, Dothan Municipal Airport closed in 1966,
when the City of Dothan completed the rehabilitation of Napier Field for use as its municipal airport.
Napier Field was less constrained geographically, being located farther outside of the town.
In the words of Virgil Fenn, “The city had grown to the edge of the airport
and the pressure was on to relocate the airport to Napier Field.”
The last photo which has been located showing Dothan Municipal airport still intact was a 2/5/66 aerial photo.
Although all 3 runways had been marked with closed-runway “X” symbols,
one aircraft still remained just north of the hangar on the southeast side of the field.
The earliest topo map depiction which has been located of Dothan Municipal Airport was on the 1969 USGS topo map.
It depicted “Old Dothan Airport (Abandoned)” as having 3 paved runways with several buildings on the east side.
John Snapp recalled, "The original Dothan Airport was used as a drag strip in the early 1970s."
By the time of the January 1976 New Orleans Sectional Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy),
Dothan Municipal was depicted as an abandoned airfield.
In the 1997 USGS aerial photo,
the northern portions of the former runways still remained evident,
but several baseball diamonds had been built over the southern portions of the runways.
Army aviator Charles Gardner reported in 2007, “The old Dothan Municipal is now the Westgate Recreaction Park. I played ball there growing up.
It now is home to a waterpark 'Waterworld', ballfields, and a BMX track.
A few of the old buildings remain at the facility & are used as utility and storage buildings.
Some of the old runway surfaces are still visible & are used as parking for the recreation fields.
I flew over the place while in flight school & you can still see the outines of an old airport in the middle of the ballfields & tennis courts.”
An 8/7/07 aerial photo showed that portions of 3 runways still remained evident.
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