Abandoned & Little-Known Airfields:
© 2002, © 2013 by Paul Freeman. Revised 4/21/13.
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Au Gres Airport (revised 11/17/12) - Marquette County Airport (revised 9/13/10)
Raco Landing Field / Raco AAF (revised 11/17/12) - Rexton Airport / D A R Airport (revised 4/21/13)
Rexton Airport / D A R Airport, Rexton, MI
46.16 North / 85.27 West (North of Detroit, MI)
Rexton Airport, as depicted on the January 1942 Lake Superior Sectional Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
This small general aviation airport was established at some point between 1933-33,
as it was not listed among active airfields in the Airport Directory Company's 1933 Airport Directory (according to Chris Kennedy).
The earliest reference to Rexton Airport which has been located
was in 1934 Department of Commerce Airport Directory (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
It described “Rexton Airport” as a state airport, located along the south side of Route 2, 1.5 miles southwest of Rexton.
The field was said to have 2 sandy loam runways, oriented in a T-shape, measuring 2,100' east/west & 1,700' north/south.
The earliest depiction of Rexton Airport which has been located
was on the January 1942 Lake Superior Sectional Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
It depicted Rexton as an auxiliary airfield.
On the December 1942 4M Regional Aeronautical Chart (according to Chris Kennedy)
it was still labeled as “Rexton”.
At some point between 1942-44, it was apparently renamed as “D A R Airport”,
as that is how it was labeled on the June 1944 Lake Superior Sectional Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
It depicted “D A R” as an auxiliary airfield.
It was still listed as “D A R” in the December 1944 Army/Navy Airfield Directory (according to Chris Kennedy).
The airfield was evidently renamed “Rexton Municipal” at some point between 1944-45,
as that is how it was listed in the 1945 Haire Publishing Company Airport Directory (according to Chris Kennedy).
It was said to be owned by the State, and its condition was described as “Rough. Not maintained.”
The earliest photo which has been located of the Rexton Airport while it was in operation was an admittedly low-resolution 6/1/53 aerial view.
It depicted Rexton as having 2 perpendicular unpaved runways.
The last photo which has been located of the Rexton Airport while it was in operation was a 5/2/55 USGS aerial view (courtesy of Brian Rehwinkel).
It depicted Rexton as having 2 perpendicular unpaved runways, with a prominent airport circle marking in the center.
There did not appear to be any buildings at the site.
The last aeronautical chart depiction which has been located of the Rexton Airport
was on the May 1957 Lake Superior Sectional Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
It depicted Rexton as having a 2,200' unpaved runway.
Rexton Airport was still listed in the 1957/58 Aviation Week Airport Directory (according to Chris Kennedy).
The field's status was described as "Emergency field only."
Rexton Airport was evidently closed (for reasons unknown) at some point between 1958-61,
as it was no longer listed among active airfields in the 1961 Aviation Week Airport Directory (according to Chris Kennedy).
No airfield or airfield features were depicted at the site of the Rexton Airport on the 1963 or 1973 USGS topo maps,
although the 1973 topo map labeled “Airport Road”, but not the airport itself.
In the 1998 USGS aerial photo the airport circle marker was still plainly evident.
A 2007 photo by Will Denihan of the former airport circle marker,
which remains remarkably completely intact at the site of the Rexton Airport.
Will reported, “My dad has a cabin just a couple of miles from Rexton,
and there is a dirt road named 'Airport Road' which makes a mile or so loop around a forested area with a concrete circle in it's midst,
the circle is roughly 150' in diameter & was obviously painted white at some point in the past,
possibly with reflective paint of some sort.
There are sections of the circle that still have remarkably good paint.”
A closeup 2007 photo by Will Denihan of the former airport circle marker at the site of the Rexton Airport.
In a 7/26/10 aerial photo, the airport circle marker was still plainly evident, along with the presumed airfield outline.
Au Gres Airport (3Y7), Au Gres, MI
44.05 North / 83.7 West (North of Detroit, MI)
Au Gres Airport, as depicted on the 1944 Lake Huron Sectional Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
Photo of the airport while open has not been located.
The Au Gres Airport was dedicated on July 4, 1936,
according to a postmark commemorating the occasion (courtesy of Mike Denja).
The earliest listing of Au Gres Airport which has been located
was in The Airport Directory Company's 1937 Airports Directory (courtesy of Bob Rambo).
It described Au Gres as having two 2,000' grass runways.
The Airport Directory Company's 1938 Airports Directory (courtesy of Chris Kennedy)
described Au Gres in the same manner.
The 1946 MI Airport Directory (courtesy of Doug Ranz)
depicted Au Gres as having two 2,000' turf runways.
The 1963 AOPA Airport Directory (courtesy of Chris Kennedy)
described Au Gres as having two 2,000' sod runways: 4/22 & 13/31.
The last depiction which has been located showing Au Gres Airport while in operation was on the 1976 USGS topo map (courtesy of Mike Denja).
It depicted Au Gres Airport as having 2 unpaved runways, with a single building on the northeast side.
The 1982 AOPA Airport Directory (courtesy of Ed Drury)
described Au Gres as having two 2,000' sod runways: 5/23 & 14/32.
Au Gres Airport evidently closed (for reasons unknown) at some point between 1982-86,
as it was not listed in the 1986 Flight Guide (according to Chris Kennedy).
By the time of the 1998 USGS aerial photo,
several buildings had been built over the eastern portion of the airfield,
and a new street had been built over a portion of the southeast end of Runway 14/32.
However, the outline of the majority of both runways still remained quite recognizable.
In a 7/26/10 aerial view looking northwest,
the outline of the majority of both runways still remained quite recognizable.
Au Gres Airport is located northwest of the intersection of North Court Street & West Cherry Street.
(Original) Marquette County Airport (MQT), Marquette, MI
46.53 North / 87.56 West (North of Green Bay, WI)
Marquette County Airport, as depicted on the 1940 MI Airport Directory (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
The Marquette County Airport was dedicated on July 12, 1932,
according to a postmark commemorating the occasion (courtesy of Mike Denja).
The earliest depiction of the Marquette County Airport which has been located
was in the 1940 MI Airport Directory (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
It depicted the “Marquette County Landing Field” as having 2 unpaved runways
(2,700' northwest/southeast & 2,600' northeast/southwest).
A hangar & concrete apron were depicted south of the runway intersection.
The earliest aeronautical chart depiction of the Marquette County Airport which has been located
was on the 1942 Regional Aeronautical Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
The 1946 MI Airport Directory (courtesy of Doug Ranz) depicted Marquette County Airport
as having 2 turf runways (2,700' & 2,600'), and a hangar south of the runway intersection.
According to David York, the older terminal at Marquette County Airport
(the brown brick building) was built in 1957, and was also used by the U.S. Weather Service.
Marquette had apparently gained paved runways (in a different configuration as well) at some point between 1946-60,
as the 1960 Jeppesen Airway Manual (courtesy of Chris Kennedy)
depicted the field as having 2 paved runways: 5,000' Runway 8/26 & 3,000' Runway 1/19.
A ramp on the southeast side had 2 buildings.
An aerial view looking north at the Marquette County Airport,
from the 1962 Sky Eye Northern Michigan Airport Directory (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
The field was described as having 2 paved runways: 5,000' east/west & 3,000' north/south.
Marquette County Airport was listed among active airports in the 1962 AOPA Airport Directory,
with 2 paved runways, and the operator listed as Peninsula Air Service.
In the 1982 AOPA Airport Directory (courtesy of Ed Drury),
the field was described as having a 6,500' asphalt Runway 8/26 & a 3,000' asphalt Runway 1/19.
The operators were listed as Marquette Executive Air & Northern Airmotive Inc.
According to David York, in 1983 the older terminal building at Marquette County Airport
was replaced by a new, larger terminal building.
However, it was not destined to serve a very long life.
A 1988 photo by Scott Anttila of the Northern Airmotive hangar at Marquette County Airport.
Scott recalled, "I learned to fly at MQT, miss the airport much, and do not want parts of it to be forgotten."
A 1994 USGS aerial photo, taken while the field was still open.
When nearby KI Sawyer AFB was closed by the Air Force,
it became the "new" Marquette County Airport in 1999,
and the original Marquette County Airport was closed.
At the time of its closure, Marquette County Airport consisted of 2 paved runways
(the longest, 8/26, was 7,000' long), taxiways, ramps & hangars.
A 2003 photo by David York looking along the closed Runway 26 at the former Marquette County Airport.
A 2003 photo by David York of the old terminal building at the former Marquette County Airport.
A 2003 photo by David York of the new terminal building at the former Marquette County Airport.
This public building was abandoned only 16 years after it was built.
A 6/30/06 aerial view looking west showed the extensive aviation infrastructure remaining at the former Marquette County Airport.
A 2007 photo by John Grego of the abandoned old terminal building at the former Marquette County Airport.
A 2007 photo by John Grego of the sign on the abandoned old terminal building at the former Marquette County Airport.
A 2007 photo by John Grego of the abandoned new terminal at the former Marquette County Airport.
Raco Landing Field / Raco Army Airfield, Raco MI
46.31 North / 84.88 West (North of Detroit, MI)
“Raco Landing Field”, as depicted on the 1940 MI Airport Directory (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
Photo of the airfield while open has not been located.
This site has had (at least) 6 completely distinct uses over the years.
The property adjacent to the west side of the airfield has a series of rifle ranges
that were established before the first World War.
The date of construction of the first airfield at Raco has not been determined.
A “Raco Landing Field” was depicted on the south side of Route 28, 4 miles west of the town of Raco,
on the 1940 MI Airport Directory (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
It depicted the field as consisting of a 2,000' square, surrounded by “disced boundary markers”.
The site of the pre-WW2 civilian Raco Landing Field was evidently reused by the military at some point after 1940
for the construction of a much more elaborate military airfield,
intended to provide protection to the Sault Sainte Marie locks.
The earliest aeronautical chart depiction of Raco Field which has been located
was on the 1942 Regional Aeronautical Chart (courtesy of Chris Kennedy).
It depicted Raco as an auxiliary airfield.
Raco Field may have been under the administrative control of Alpena AAF.
As no threats materialized to the locks,
the airfield was apparently little-used, or possibly never used at all.
It is possible that the Raco military airfield was intended to be reused as a civil airport after the end of WW2,
as the 1946 MI Airport Directory (courtesy of Doug Ranz) listed it as the "Raco Airport".
Although it was depicted as being adjacent to the property of the "Fort Brady Military Reservation",
there was no mention of any military ownership of the airfield itself.
The Raco airfield was depicted as having three 5,520' runways,
along with its extensive network of concrete hardstands to the west of the runways.
According to Dale Lutz (whose grandfather performed contract work at RACO during the 1960's),
during WW2 & the early part of the Cold War,
the Army reused the western portion of the Raco property as an anti-aircraft artillery site.
Two triangular shaped roads were laid out, extending outward from the western runway,
along which were situated a total of 18 heavy AAA guns.
The guns were apparently placed on top of the square pads,
while a number of 20-30' diameter concrete "silos" were located around the guns,
in which was stored their ammunition.
The silos were filled with concrete in the 1980s.
In Lutz's words, "These guns were poised to intercept bomb runs by the Nazis or the Ruskies
at low altitudes into the entrance of the Soo locks & shipping narrows tens of miles away."
The 1951 USGS topo map (courtesy of Mike Denja) depicted Raco Field,
along with the numerous anti-aircraft artillery pads to the southwest, along with 2 rifle ranges to the west.
A 75mm Skysweeper gun on display at the Army Ordnance Museum, Aberdeen, MD.
A 1955 static display of Army Antiaircraft command 90mm & 75mm Skysweeper guns & radars.
Although the type of guns used at Raco is unknown,
an official history of the Army Antiaircraft Command includes the following:
"ARAACOM AW battalions defended linear targets, like locks & airfields, from air attack.
A new weapon system was developed & fielded in the early 1950s to replace their 40mm guns & 0.50 caliber machine guns.
Called the Skysweeper, it was the first weapon to emerge in the atomic age
with radar, computer & gun on one carriage, a fully integrated gun & fire-control system.
With its 75mm gun, the Skysweeper could find & track approaching aircraft as far away as 15 miles
and destroy air targets as far away as 4 miles.
Its automatic loading & firing capability allowed it to fire 45 rounds/minute.
Peak deployment for Skysweeper battalions was achieved in the mid-1950s when 8 battalions were deployed.
As more & more Nike missile systems were deployed,
ARAACOM slashed the number of AAA guns in the command in the last half of 1957.
By the end of the year only three 75mm Skysweeper battalions remained,
one at Sault Sainte Marie." [which is apparently referring to Raco].
"Raco AF" was still depicted as a military airfield on the 1957 Lake Superior Sectional Chart (according to Chris Kennedy).
Part of the airfield property was later reused by the Air Force to build a launch site
for the huge BOMARC ramjet surface-to-air missiles.
The BOMARC was a long-range surface to air missile,
intended to shoot down Soviet bombers with a nuclear warhead.
An undated photo of a BOMARC-B missile raised into firing position for the dedication of the Raco BOMARC installation.
This facility was known as the Kincheloe AFB BOMARC site,
and it was manned by the 37th Air Defense Missile Squadron starting in 1960.
The BOMARC site was a rectangular installation, just southeast of the runways.
It operated the 2nd-generation IM-99B version of the BOMARC missile.
The site consisted of a grid of 28 individual missile launcher buildings on the south end,
along with larger missile assembly buildings on the north end.
A circa-1963 photo by John Frye of a BOMARC-B missile at Raco.
John Frye recalled, "I was stationed at the BOMARC installation as a missile mechanic from July 1962 to December 1965.
The area to the West was indeed an old military training site.
We used the area for carbine qualification one year.
There was a few ponds or swampy areas out there,
and a friend found live Canadian artillery shells in one of the small lakes which had to be recovered by the military.
There was a ring of concrete sample cores (probably from the runway construction)
located in the very center of the runway complex.
In the center was a wooden pole that had a wind sock on it that had rotted off & fallen years before, possibly from WW2.
I remember brass fittings in the apron area that was intended for electrical & water supply to aircraft I assume, very first class.
I was never able to find out if troops had been stationed there or if it had ever been active.
It must have taken a lot of concrete to build since the cores found in the center of the complex
were about a foot or more long (I'll bet they are still there).
While we were there, the only aircraft that landed there was a T-33 that ran out of fuel & helicopters from Kincheloe.
Our 37th ADMS chow hall had quarters for about a dozen men.
I spent many weekends on standby duty out there, and would ride a bicycle around the runways & hike in the area.
Some of the area to the South had been planted with pines about that time,
but the center of the runways was open grasslands."
A circa-1963 photo by John Frye of the sign at the entrance to the Raco missile site, on the highway at the end of the north/south runway.
A circa-1963 photo by John Frye of the sally port & finger gate going into the support area of the Raco missile site.
John Frye recalled, "We followed the old runway down to the chow hall
and there was a Quonset hut housing a fire engine with storage & the chow hall just beyond, both built on the runway.
A road ran up over the hill to the launch area & support buildings between these 2 buildings.
A steel Butler Building was on the hill north of the complex that had engineering & a meeting hall at one end.
Just north of the Butler building was a deep covered pit that a temporary acting 1st Sergeant built as a retreat in case of a nuclear attack.
It was big enough to hold about 60 troops beneath pierced steel planking in a sand pit.
I guess the guy had a fear of being blown up.
I kind of remember it being covered up before I left there in December of 1965."
It is not known if Raco was ever formally reused as a civil airport,
but it appears as if it did not.
The runways at Raco were occasionally used by small planes (most of the Forrest Service) during the 1960s,
according to a former Raco BOMARC squadron member.
The Raco BOMARC facility was closed in 1972.
David McLaren recalled, "I visited Raco AAF back in 1974 after spotting it from a B-52 at 20,000 feet.
At that time the seedlings had just been planted.
The only remaining Air Force structure was a mess hall,
which still had the stainless steel coolers & tables.
The missile buildings were intact, and although the launching equipment had been removed,
the buildings still had their heaters installed."
A May 7, 1974 aerial photo (courtesy of Ron Plante) showed the 3 runways, taxiways, and ramp area of the Raco airfield,
along with the Skysweeper antiaircraft gun pads on the southwest side,
and the still-intact launcher buildings of the BOMARC missile site on the southeast side.
In 1985, the Army Corps of Engineers began a project intending to demolish buildings at Raco.
Krygoski Construction Company won a contract to perform the work.
This eventually resulted in a 1996 lawsuit.
As of the 1994 USGS aerial photo, the airfield consisted of three 6,600' runways, taxiways, and a ramp area,
all of which still existed in very good condition.
A circular automobile testing track had been added in the center of the runways at some point between 1974-94.
All of the buildings associated with the BOMARC launch site had also been removed at some point between 1974-94,
replaced with a serpentine vehicle testing track.
A close-up from the 1994 USGS aerial view showing the former Skysweeper Anti-Aircraft Artillery pads on the southwest corner of the Raco site.
John Frye recalled, "In 2001 the concrete base for the finger gates was still there, but everything else was gone with just some rubble."
A 2002 photo by David York of remains at Raco AAF.
A 2002 photo of David York on a runway of Raco AAF.
A 2002 photo by David York of the remains of the former BOMARC missile installation adjacent to Raco AAF.
A 2002 photo by David York of what is presumably the remains
of a Skysweeper artillery pad in the woods adjacent to Raco AAF.
The former runways at Raco are now used by Smithers Scientific Services as an automobile testing site,
primarily during the winter.
No original military buildings remain,
other than concrete foundations for the BOMARC launcher shelters.
A circa 2007 photo looking southwest at a Smithers Scientific Services building, with the Raco runways in the background.
A 2008 photo by Eric Douglas looking along a former Raco runway.
He attended a BloKarting event using the former runways.
A 2008 photo by Eric Douglas of what is presumably the remains
of a Skysweeper artillery pad in the woods adjacent to Raco AAF.
An 8/15/09 aerial view looking northeast showed the 3 former Raco runways, the numerous former Skysweeper AAA pads,
and the test track constructed over the former BOMARC missile site.
A 2012 photo by Scott Murdock looking along a former Raco runway.
Thanks to Tim Tyler for contributing information about Raco.
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